Select a Country or Region

Need for CNC Rack and Pinion Parts

The mechanism of linear motion is indispensable to move machines. With linear motion, the smooth transport of tools and products becomes easy in material handling machines. Moreover, this mechanism generates better axial velocity and acceleration in automotive gear parts too. The CNC rack and pinion parts work like linear motors and ball screws mechanisms, deliver flexible performance and natural frequency over long travel distances. Other linear systems do not produce acceleration like rack and pinion gears. They possess higher mass moments of inertia and less natural frequency.

cnc rack and pinion parts

The United States has been using rack and pinion steering systems in its automobiles for over 50 years. The technology itself is almost a century old when BMW first developed a rack and pinion gearbox for its BMW cars in the 1930s. Today, many factories manufacture shafts and rack and pinion styled gears in their vehicles; steering systems.   

Design and Working of CNC Rack and Pinion Parts:

Rack and pinion parts are two CNC gears that form a linear actuator or steering system with the help of a gearbox. Rack and pinion possess a compact and less complex machine design. In addition, the pinion is a circular gear and the shape of the rack gear is straight or flat. Both the parts have cut straight or helical teeth in them. The precise positioning of the pinion over the rack lets their teeth mesh into each other. The pinion gear moves the rack gear in a straight line by moving in a circular direction on it. We can say that rack & pinion gear arrangement transforms the rotational motion into a linear motion. The gearbox increases the speed of the motor and the inertia of the system.

In automobiles, the working principle of cnc rack and pinion parts is fundamental. It employs a gearbox. The gearbox also converts the rotatory motion of the steering wheel into linear movements to turn the wheels. The mechanism works by enclosing the rack and pinion gear-set in a metal tube. Each end of the rack extends out from the metal tube to connect with an axial rod. The steering wheel of the car connects with a long steering column containing a shaft. The round-shaped pinion is present in the steering shaft.

The energy source turns the steering wheel in a circle forcing the steering column to rotate. With the turning of the steering wheel, the pinion starts moving on the stationary rack. The rotation of the pinion stirs the rack's linear motion to move it back and forth. The energy transfers to the outer tie rods to move the knuckles. The knuckles move the wheels in the right or left direction.

Some Common Purposes of CNC Rack and Pinion Parts

Technically, rack and pinion parts play the role of a linear actuator. Their primary purpose is to convert circular motion into a linear motion. Some other noticeable purposes of rack and pinion parts or shafts are provided below.


  • Longer stroke length

Rack and pinion support long travel lengths. The length of rack gears varies. There are situations when more than one pinions rotate on one rack gear according to the requirement.

  • Smooth conversion of circular to linear motion

From the perspective of the engineering machinery, the rack and pinion gear systems are the best. It precisely works for smooth linear actuation and even gets better with recent developments in gear technology.

  • The simplicity of the rack and pinion parts design reduces the cost

Rack and pinion parts and linear motors are both used in industries. The linear motor consisting of a ball-bearing system works at a much faster speed but uses five times more power than rack and pinion gear.

Most vehicles' designs integrate rack and pinion gearing systems due to their compact size and less weight. It is also easy to repair this gearing system.

  • Durability

The linear motors get hot due to high speed. The rack and pinion system is more durable than linear motors in this regard. With inbuilt brakes, it keeps working for an extended period in the machinery. Lubrication is the only investment required for the durable performance of rack and pinion parts. It enhances their proficiency to 97%.

  • Positioning accuracy

Rack and pinion parts have an advantage over other drives due to precise positioning.

General Applications 

  • Vehicle steering system

The steering shaft of the wheel spins the pinion gear, which in turn creates linear motion in the rack gear. Hence, rack and pinion gear translate rotational motion into linear movement.

  • Material handling systems

Most consumers know rack and pinion parts as steering systems for cars and small trucks. They have an extended use in material handling systems which have few accuracy requirements.

  • Actuators, gantry, and packaging applications

Rack and pinion gear support the actuators to move various components. The packaging machines employing rack and pinion gears can move few pounds up to several tons at ease. The gear-set is equally suitable for gantry drives used for supporting and transporting a load.

  • Miscellaneous applications

Woodwork industries, assembly machines, and high-speed metal cutting also require next-generation rack and pinion sets.

  • Railways

Rack and pinion gear systems streamline the movement of trains to travel up steep inclines. The steel wheels on a train are frictionless on an inclined steel track and likely to slip backward. A rack and pinion system overcomes this issue. It also provides brake control in snowy and icy conditions.

  • Stairlifts

According to the website, rack and pinion systems are standard components in most stairlifts.

  • Vertical applications

Lifting mechanisms in various industries integrate the application of rack and pinion parts.

cnc rack and pinion parts


CNC rack and pinion parts are less efficient than other mechanisms mechanically but exhibit a steering sensation and excellent feedback. Their applications for machines require the conversion of rotational motion into linear motion. They provide high-speed travel over long lengths.

The characteristics of rack and pinion parts in steering systems mainly comprise the simple structure, improved rigidity, compact design, and first-rate responsiveness. Both rack and pinion parts perform well in large gantry systems for machining and material handling. In addition, they are important auto parts and viable for packaging industries too.



Top Cnc Lathe Parts Catcher Service Provider

How CNC Precision Engineering Enhances Quality And Performance

Get a free quote

  • Now, Let Your Business To A Higher Level! Click The Mail Button To Send Us Your Requirements.

Contact info

No. 39, Shayuan Road, Shabu Village, Dalang Town, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province

Get a quote